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American Inventors Are Mostly White Men Due To Opportunity Gaps, Says Stanford ‘Lost Einsteins’ Study

There’s a lot of inequality affecting where innovation comes from, according to a new study from the Equality of Opportunity Project.

“There are very large gaps in innovation by income, race, and gender,” Stanford economist Raj Chetty, who led the research, told The Atlantic. “These gaps don’t seem to be about differences in ability to innovate — they seem directly related to environment.”

Chetty, who appeared on Fortune’s 40 Under 40 list in 2014, worked with Alex Bell of Harvard, Xavier Jaravel of the London School of Economics, Neviana Petkova of the U.S. Treasury Department, and John Van Reener of MIT to link together millions of anonymized tax records, patents, and test scores in order to create a sample of 1.2 million inventors to study.

The researchers examined this sample to determine what indicators are the best predictors of a child who has the potential to grow up to be an inventor. They found that although students from many backgrounds had high scores in math and science, it’s household income that best predicts the children who went on to secure patents.

Students with parents in the top 1% of income distribution were ten times more likely to become inventors than children with parents earning below-median incomes.

This means the United States is missing out on potential breakthroughs from “lost Einsteins” in lower income households.

“Creativity is broadly distributed. Opportunity is not,” AOL founder Steve Case told the New York Times, while commenting on the study.

White children are three times as likely to become patent-holders as black children and only 18% of inventors are women. Even then, many of them appear on patents with men. Just 8% of patents are held by women alone.

These gaps may be due to the difference in access and exposure to innovators and researchers at a young age. The study found that children who grew up around a particular type of invention or inventor were far more likely to follow along the same path.

The research found that girls who grew up in areas with more women inventors, such as central New Jersey or Honolulu, were more likely to become inventors than their peers from other parts of the country. This suggests that connecting young people with innovators and researchers early on could unlock economic growth that the U.S. is currently missing out on due to disparities in opportunity.

“Opportunity might be vital for economic growth even if you don’t care about inequality or fairness concerns,” Chetty said. “If you give kids from lower-income families better training and better opportunities, maybe they would end up contributing more to the economy and that would help everyone essentially.”

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Bomb materials seized from Nobleza, Abu lover

MANILA, Philippines — More trouble awaits police Superintendent Maria Cristina Nobleza after authorities found firearms and materials used in making improvised explosive devices in residential establishments that she and her alleged Abu Sayyaf lover Reneer Lou Dongon occupied in Bohol and Bukidnon.

Nobleza and Dongon were flown to Manila yesterday in a Cebu Pacific flight that arrived at the Ninoy Aquino International Airport Terminal 3 at past 9 a.m.

Escorted by members of the Philippine National Police-Aviation Security Group (PNP-ASG), Nobleza and Dongon were brought to a van that took them to Camp Crame where they are now detained.

Additional charges will be filed against Nobleza in connection with the bomb paraphernalia found on Monday night in Barangay Looc, Panglao, according to Chief Superintendent Noli Talino, director of Central Visayas police.

On the same night, police seized firearms and bomb paraphernalia from a house in Malaybalay believed occupied by Nobleza and several other individuals.

The raid on Pine Hills Executive Homes in Barangay Casisang was based on information received by authorities from their counterparts in Bohol, according to Northern Mindanao police deputy director Chief Superintendent Danilo Maligalig.

A certain Al Mohammar Bayani, 22, and two minors were in the house during the raid. They were placed under investigation, Maligalig added.

Among the items found in the Bohol apartment, where Nobleza and Dongon reportedly stayed from April 17, were a C-4 explosive, detonating cord, and blasting cap and kit.

In Malaybalay, police seized a rifle, a pistol, ammunition, bomb paraphernalia, documents pertaining to terrorist activities and Nobleza’s police uniforms.

PNP chief Director General Ronald dela Rosa said Nobleza and Dongon are high-risked detainees, that’s why he decided to have them transferred to Camp Crame.

Dela Rosa earlier said Nobleza would be charged with illegal possession of firearms, harboring a criminal and conspiracy to commit terrorism.

He said Nobleza’s husband, Senior Superintendent Alan Nobleza, was in the country before she was arrested.

Alan was assigned as the country’s police attache in Pakistan.

Dela Rosa has yet to see and talk to Nobleza and Dongon, as he was busy with other things related to the country’s hosting this week of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Summit.

Nobleza and Dongon were arrested 11 days after a group of Abu Sayyaf bandits arrived in Bohol to supposedly carry out kidnapping activities.

Government security forces foiled the bandits’ attempt to set up a base in the province, killing several of them in separate encounters in Inabanga and Clarin towns.

The clashes resulted in the death over a dozen persons including nine bandits, three Army troopers and a police officer.

Investigators cannot say yet whether there are other police officers aside from Nobleza who have links with the Abu Sayyaf.

“We have no evidence showing involvement of other police officials. So far, it’s only Nobleza,” Dela Rosa said.

On Monday, the PNP chief said Nobleza, deputy director of the crime laboratory in the regional PNP office in Davao, was a fool to fall madly in love with an enemy of the state.

“She is a weak official. She let herself be used by these criminals. She deserved to be dismissed from service for sleeping with the enemy,” he said. – With Rudy Santos

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Yale Head Coach Barbara Tonry has announced that James Williams has been hired as an assistant. He’s a former club coach at AIM Athletics, JPAC, and Stars Houston.

SEMO announced that Kristi Ewasko’s contract has not been renewed. Brittney Emmons will fill the Head Coach position in the interim.

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WOGA elite Deiah Moody has committed to Michigan. She placed 18th AA at both the 2017 UC Classic and the P&G Championships.

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Emily Carless from Branch Gymnastics has committed to Western Michigan. She did not compete in the 2017 post season. In 2016 she qualified to regionals and finished 4th AA.

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Источники:
American Inventors Are Mostly White Men Due To Opportunity Gaps, Says Stanford Lost Einsteins Study
Innovation gaps among gender, race and income aren't about ability — they seem directly related to environment, says a new Stanford study.
http://fortune.com/2017/12/05/lost-einsteins-stanford-inventors/?iid=leftrail
Bomb materials seized from Nobleza, Abu lover
More trouble awaits police Superintendent Maria Cristina Nobleza after authorities found firearms and materials used in making improvised explosive devices in residential establishments that she and her alleged Abu Sayyaf lover Reneer Lou Dongon occupied in Bohol and Bukidnon.
http://www.philstar.com/headlines/2017/04/26/1694041/bomb-materials-seized-nobleza-abu-lover
Isabella Magnelli from ENA has committed to Kentucky
The Web’s Premier Site for Collegiate Gymnastics. Women’s, Men’s, Scholarships, Recruiting, News and Information.
http://www.collegegymfans.com/news-sp-743792805/latest-news.html
The leading information resource for the entertainment industry
Jeremy Renner, Actor: The Hurt Locker. Jeremy Lee Renner was born in Modesto, California, the son of Valerie (Tague) and Lee Renner, who managed a bowling alley. After a tumultuous yet happy childhood with his four younger siblings, Renner graduated from Beyer High School and attended Modesto Junior College. He explored several areas of study, including computer science, criminology, and psychology, before the theater department, with…
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0719637/

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